Land Measurements

Any form of measurement guides you to construct or build an item or structure in a perfect way. Similarly, land measurement is a general terminology used to describe in best possible manner the application and theory of measurement of land. When people resort to taking this step, it clearly helps them to understand in clear terms the finer aspects involved with a land.

This is an internet age where all information is made available to you in your fingertips with press of a mouse. Visiting to Indiahousing is one great way in which you can make your land measurement task easier and accurate. For, this is one site that contains various important components of land measurement prevailing in India whenever you feel a need to survey.

Land surveying is a technique and science of determining accurately the three-dimensional or terrestrial position of points. It also includes knowing in details about the angles and distances between them. The professionals engaged in this area can easily locate these points on the surface of the Earth. These professionals often make use of these points to establish land maps and different boundaries for governmental or ownership purposes. These professionals who are better known as surveyors use elements of engineering, geometry, mathematics, trigonometry, law and physics. In order words, it involves an activity of triggering land estimation.

Measurement of Land in India

Today, surveying is believed to be indispensable in the enlargement of the human environment. This is true keeping the history in mind. Ever since evolution of human mankind, distances have always been treated in a numerous means. For instance, chains with links of known length such as a Gunter’s chain or the simple measuring tapes that were made of steel or invar have been in use for a long time. Similarly, in order to measure horizontal distances with an intention to reduce slacking and sagging, these tapes or chains were pulled taut according to temperature. Likewise, if a need was felt to measure up a slope, the surveyors were required to ‘break’ the chain to get exact measurement. It was a compass that was used to measure horizontal angles. Under this method, it furnished a magnetic bearing from which measurements were made from its deflections.

Of course, with passage of time, this instrument saw improvement in its form and structure. These improvements were evident in the form of carefully scribed discs that easily provided better angular resolution. In order to derive more-precise sightings, mounting telescopes with reticules atop the disc were used. Additionally, verniers were used to measure a fraction of a degree when levels and calibrated circles were applied for measuring vertical angles.

This land measurement becomes very essential for planning and execution of almost every type of construction. The definition of legal boundaries for land ownership, in the fields of construction, mapping, and transport are some areas where this measurement has become a familiar sight in modern times.

Land measurement gives a helping-hand to a quality surveyor. It is through this measurement that such a surveyor finds himself/herself in a position where managing and controlling costs becomes very easy. Each surveyor is often required to work within the framework and guidelines of construction projects. Not only this, the surveyor is also required to keep in mind management procedures and technical tools when he undertakes a work.

It is often the Deformation survey that plays a significant role in determining if a particular structure or object has changed its shape or is moving. It is a technique that involves a systematic measurement and tracking of any kind of alteration that has taken place especially with respect to shape and dimensions of a particular object. Such an alteration in the shape or dimension normally takes place as a result of application of stress to it. Deformation survey is believed to be a major component of any type of logging measured values. These values are often used for deformation analysis, further computation, alarming and predictive maintenance.

This Deformation monitoring is especially related in the field of applied surveying, mechanical engineering, soil and rock stability mechanics, civil engineering, plant construction, etc. it may be noted that this deformation monitoring take into account factors such as increase or decrease of weight, changes in bedrock, outside influences or the material properties.

Land Measurement Units in India

There is a very big difference between the units used for land measurement in India and that of the western world. Acres, Bighas, Kattha, Biswa etc. are the most common land measurement units in India.

India comprises of many regions. Therefore, these land measurement units will keep varying from region to region. Some of the key land measurement units that are used in land transactions are given below:

  • 8 Kanals = 1 acre

  • Acre is also called quilla or ghumaon

  • 20 marlas = 1 kanal

  • 160 marls = 1 acre

  • 1 marla = 9 square karams

  • 1 karam = 5.5 feet

  • 1 acre = 4 bigas+ 16 biswas (20th part)

  • 1 acre = 4 and 4/5 bigas

  • 1 acre = 96 biswas.

  • 1 Hectare = 2.5 Acres

  • 1 Acre = 40 Gunthas

  • 1 Guntha = 121 sq.yards = 101.17 sq.metres

  • 1 Guntha = 33 ft. x 33 ft. = 1089 sq.feet

  • 1 Acre = 4840 sq.yards

  • 1 Acre = 4067.23 sq.metres

  • 1 Acre = 43,560 sq.feet

  • 1 sq. yard = 0.8361 sq.metre

  • 1 sq. metre = 1.190 sq.yards

  • 1 sq. yard = 9 sq. feet

  • 1 sq. metre = 10.76 sq.feet

  • Katha  = 80 square yards

  • Nalli    = 240 square yards

  • Bhigha = 1600 square yards

  • Acre    = 4800 square yards

With advent of internet, a lot of websites have mushroomed that has certain especial features in it that brings delight in the face of customers desiring to buy land. When they take help of for instance, converters and conversion tables, they don’t feel a need to rake their brains in making a maverick calculation. Indiahousing is one such website that has benefitted many and this is the sole reason for its increasing popularity.